Sparks, NEV. - April 25, 2022
The Nevada Department of Agriculture (NDA) is
reminding owners of poultry flocks and pet birds to practice biosecurity
measures and report illnesses. A strain of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI)
has been detected across eastern and midwestern states, with most recent detections
in Utah and Idaho. To mitigate impacts of the disease, it is important that
bird owners quarantine and report sick birds to the USDA at (866) 536-7593 or
the NDA state veterinarian Dr. Amy Mitchell at email@example.com.
“Using strict biosecurity measures and
protecting flocks from any exposure to wild birds or waterfowl is crucial to
prevent infection and further spread,” said Dr. Mitchell.
Avian influenza viruses can infect poultry (such as chickens,
turkeys, pheasants, quail, domestic ducks, geese, and guinea fowl) and wild
birds.HPAI is extremely infectious and can spread rapidly. HPAI strains can circulate
freely in wild birds without sign of illness but can infect domestic poultry causing
severe and fatal illness. Some species of wild birds, such as raptors, also
experience high mortality rates. Proper biosecurity measures are outlined on
the NDA website and include:
- Wash hands before and after coming in contact with birds.
- Limit the number of people that come into
contact with your flock to those necessary for
- Use personal protective equipment such as shoe covers,
gloves, hair and clothing covers.
- Clean and disinfect equipment before and after each use.
- Do not share tools or supplies between flocks.
- Flocks should be housed in enclosures that prevent any
exposure to wild birds or waterfowl, such as barns or similar covered, secure
- Avoid attracting wild birds and waterfowl by securing feed
and not using wild bird feeders on or near the premises.
- Quarantine sick birds immediately and report to the USDA (866)
536-7593 or NDA state veterinarian Dr. Amy Mitchell at firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Three or more wild bird mortalities should be reported to the
Nevada Department of Wildlife at (775) 688-1500 or email@example.com.
According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention (CDC), these avian influenza detections do not present an immediate
public health concern, and no human cases of these avian influenza viruses have
been detected in the U.S. Consumers are still encouraged to practice proper
food safety handling, including washing hand before and after handling poultry or
eggs, and cooking them to an internal temperature of 165 ˚F to kill bacteria
For more information on avian influenza and safety
measures, visit agri.nv.gov/Animals/Avian.
About the Nevada Department of Agriculture
Department of Agriculture (NDA) mission is to preserve, protect and
promote Nevada’s agriculture. The department has 150 dedicated employees
providing services in its five divisions, Administrative Services, Animal
Industry, Measurement Standards, Food and Nutrition, and Plant Health and
Compliance. The department’s $232 million budget facilitates regulatory and
administrative work in agriculture and food manufacturing industries,
protecting public and environmental health and worker safety, and providing
food distribution and oversight for the United States Department of
Agriculture’s school and community nutrition programs.