Sparks, Nev. - July 08, 2022
The USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection
Service (APHIS) National Veterinary Services Laboratories, in coordination with
the Nevada Department of Agriculture (NDA), have confirmed the first case of
Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) in a backyard (non-commercial) flock
of domestic birds in Carson City, Nev. The affected premises has been quarantined
and birds on the property will be depopulated to prevent the spread of the
disease in accordance with USDA guidelines.
HPAI has been detected
in states throughout the U.S. To protect bird health, the NDA issued biosecurity
recommendations in April of 2022 as detections were made in bordering
states. This first detection is a reminder to owners of domestic birds to practice
health safety measures and report illnesses. To mitigate impacts of the
disease, it is important that bird owners quarantine and report any sick birds
to the USDA at (866) 536-7593 or the NDA state veterinarian Dr. Amy Mitchell at
“This detection further emphasizes the
importance of domestic bird owners to develop and maintain plans to protect the
health of their flock and prevent the transmission and further spread of disease,”
said Dr. Mitchell.
Avian influenza viruses can infect domestic birds (such as
chickens, turkeys, pheasants, quail, domestic ducks, geese, and guinea fowl)
and wild birds. HPAI is extremely infectious and can spread rapidly. HPAI
strains can circulate freely in wild birds without sign of illness but can infect
domestic birds causing severe and fatal illness. Some species of wild birds,
such as raptors, also experience high mortality rates. Proper bird health
safety measures are outlined on the NDA website and include:
- Wash hands before and after coming in contact with birds.
- Limit the number of people that come into
contact with your flock to those necessary for
- Use personal protective equipment such as shoe covers,
gloves, hair and clothing covers.
- Clean and disinfect equipment before and after each use.
- Do not share tools or supplies between flocks.
- Flocks should be housed in enclosures that prevent any
exposure to wild birds or waterfowl, such as barns or similar covered, secure
- Avoid attracting wild birds and waterfowl by securing feed
and not using wild bird feeders on or near the premises.
- Quarantine sick birds immediately and report to the USDA (866)
536-7593 or NDA state veterinarian Dr. Amy Mitchell at email@example.com.
- Three or more wild bird mortalities should be reported to the
Nevada Department of Wildlife at (775) 688-1500 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Infected birds will not enter the food system and according
to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the public health
risk associated with these avian influenza detections in birds remains low.
As a reminder, the proper handling and cooking of all poultry and eggs to an
internal temperature of 165 ˚F is recommended as a general food safety
For more information on avian influenza, safety measures and the NDA's recommendation regarding bird shows, events and fairs, visit agri.nv.gov/Animals/Avian.
About the Nevada Department of Agriculture
Department of Agriculture (NDA) mission is to preserve, protect and
promote Nevada’s agriculture. The department has 225 dedicated employees
providing services in its five divisions, Administrative Services, Animal
Industry, Measurement Standards, Food and Nutrition, and Plant Health and
Compliance. The department’s $288 million budget facilitates regulatory and
administrative work in agriculture and food manufacturing industries,
protecting public and environmental health and worker safety, and providing
food distribution and oversight for the United States Department of
Agriculture’s school and community nutrition programs.