Certified Seed Information
The Department of Agriculture is responsible for seed certification services in Nevada. The State Seed Program manages a diverse range of seed crops.
Seed crops in Nevada include:
- Alfalfa Seed
- Barley Seed
- Garlic Seed
- Grass Seed
- Potato Seed
- Native Seed
The certified seed in Nevada is primarily located in the northern portion of the state. Regions where seed is grown include Orovada, Minden, Lovelock, and Yerington.
The various seed species are treated differently in regards to certification protocol. Each crop is different in its physiology, therefore it needs to be treated differently when certification occurs. The following information discusses the various seed crop and its purpose in the state of Nevada.
In Nevada we grow over 5000 acres of high quality alfalfa seed for domestic and overseas use. We plant conventional alfalfa varieties along with hybrid varieties. All alfalfa seed is grown under irrigation and harvested in a timely manner.
Barley is mainly grown as a grain crop and as a rotation crop.
Nevada is one of the premier garlic growing areas in the world. Nevada garlic seed is checked for white rot fungus (Sclerotium cepivorum) annually to establish the highest quality product. Over 1000 acres are grown each year. Garlic from Nevada goes all over the United Sates and the world.
High Quality Kentucky Blue grass is grown in Nevada under irrigation. Some seeds are used for sod quality and other seeds are sold to market.
Potato seed is an up and coming industry for Nevada and a couple hundred acres are grown up north of Winnemucca in Orovada. Potatoes are our most extensive crop when it comes to oversight and regulations. We work closely with our growers to ensure that a high quality crop is produced on an annual basis.
Native Seeds are grown for reestablishing range land from wild fires, reclamation, landscaping, and highway seeding. Native seeds are highly desirable and the Seed Program is becoming more involved with the native seed source ID process and yellow tagging these seeds to designate them are certified.
Triticale seed is grown for a high quality hay and forage for cattle. Triticale has a wide adaptability to drought conditions. A cross between rye and durum wheat, the combination gives drought tolerance and high protein for cattle.
Wheat seed is grown in Nevada for livestock feed and as a rotational crop under irrigation and sold as grain.
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