Goatsrue (Galega officinalis)

Category A Weed

Pea family (Fabaceae)

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  • Generally grows 2-5 ft. tall; highly branched with numerous stems that arise from the crown


    • Pinnately-compound with 5-8 pairs of leaflets; leaflets are oval to lance-shaped, 0.5-1.5 in. long and lack hair (glabrous); edges (margins) are smooth


      • Purple to white, less than 0.5 in. long and clustered on stalks at tips of branches

      • Pods are 1-2 in. long and contain numerous seeds


        • Non-spreading taproot; roots associate with nitrogen-fixing bacteria


          • Grows best in moist areas; often found in fencelines, pastures, roadsides, marshy areas and along waterways; not known to occur in Nevada

          • Perennial; reproduces by seed

          • Native to the Middle East; introduced to northern Utah as a potential forage plant but was found to be unpalatable and highly toxic to livestock

          • Listed on the Federal Noxious Weed List


            • Hand removal of individual plants can limit spread of small infestations

            • Mowing and tillage (particularly shallow tillage) are NOT effective

            • Apply 2,4-D, dicamba, metsulfuron or chlorsulfuron to actively growing plants


              Goat's Rue Plant
              Mature Plant
              Goat's Rue Root
              Goat's Rue Flower
              Goat's Rue Stem
              Goat's Seed pod
              Seed pod
              Nevada Noxious Weed Field Guide
              Nevada Noxious Weed Guide